- The manuscript should be written in English and the desired of contents is: Title, Author’s name, affiliation, and address; Abstract, complete in itself and not exceeding 200 words; Text, divided into sections, each with a separate heading; Acknowledgments; References; and Appendices. The standard International System of Units (SI) should be used.
- Illustrations (i.e., graphs, charts, drawings, sketches, and diagrams) should be submitted on separate sheets ready for direct reproduction. All illustrations should be numbered consecutively and given proper legends. A list of illustrations should be included in the manuscript. The font of the captions, legends, and other text in the illustrations should be Times New Roman. Legends should use capital letters for the first letter of the first word only and use lower case for the rest of the words. All symbols must be italicized, e.g., a, q, Qwt. Photographs should be black and white glossy prints; but good color photographs are acceptable.
- Each reference should be numbered sequentially and these numbers should appear in square brackets in the text, e.g. , [2, 3], –. All publications cited in the text should be presented in a list of full references in the Reference section as they appear in the text (not in alphabetical order). Typical examples of references are as follows:
- Book references should contain: name of author(s); year of publication; title; edition; location and publisher. Typical example:  Baker, P.R. 1978. Biogas for Cooking Stoves. London: Chapman and Hall.
- Journal references should contains: name of author(s); year of publication; article title; journal name; volume; issue number; and page numbers. For example: Mayer, B.A.; Mitchell, J.W.; and El-Wakil, M.M. 1982. Convective heat transfer in veetrough liner concentrators. Solar Energy 28 (1): 33-40.
- Proceedings reference example:  Mayer, A. and Biscaglia, S. 1989. Modelling and analysis of lead acid battery operation. Proceedings of the Ninth EC PV Solar Conference. Reiburg, Germany, 25-29 September. London: Kluwer Academic Publishers.
- Technical paper reference example:  Mead, J.V. 1992. Looking at old photographs: Investigating the teacher tales that novice teachers bring with them. Report No. NCRTL-RR-92-4. East Lansing, MI: National Center for Research on Teacher Learning. (ERIC Document Reproduction Service No. ED346082).
- Online journal reference example:  Tung, F. Y.-T., and Bowen, S. W. 1998. Targeted inhibition of hepatitis B virus gene expression: A gene therapy approach. Frontiers in Bioscience [On-line serial], 3. Retrieved February 14, 2005 from http://www.bioscience.org/1998/v3/a/tung/a11-15.htm.
- Manuscript can be uploaded to the website or sent by email to firstname.lastname@example.org. In case of hard copy, three copies of the manuscript should be initially submitted for review. The results of the review along with the referees’ comments will be sent to the corresponding author in due course. At the time of final submission, one copy of the manuscript and illustrations (original) should be submitted with the diskette. Please look at the author guide for detail.
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